What is an F-1 student visa rejection or denial?
Under the U.S. visa law guidelines and immigration norms, a visa would be denied if an applicant is unable to establish eligibility to receive the same. A visa rejection or denial is a formal mode of communication that states that your visa cannot be issued to you by the U.S. consulate officer acting upon the rules and regulations set forth by the Immigration and Nationality Act.
There are various reasons for the refusal, rejection or denial of an F-1, student visa. Many a times the reasons for rejection pertain to clause 221g or 214b.
What is rejection under Section 221g and Section 214b?
Rejection under section 221g is due to administrative reasons. This means that certain documents, needed for verification by the consulate official, are missing or the information given in the documents is incomplete.
Rejection under section 214b pertains to the INA-Immigration and Nationality Act. Section 214b deals with the strong ties an applicant holds with his or her home country.
Rejection on the basis of 214b is the most common reasons for denial of a F-1 visa. As an applicant you have to prove or demonstrate that you have strong ties with your home country and that you will return once your education is over in the United States. Strong ties include family, business ties and social commitments in your home country. These reasons should be demonstrated to provide confirmed evidence to the consular officer that you have no intentions of becoming an immigrant in the United States.
What to do if my F-1 Student visa has been rejected?
You can always reapply for your F-1 student visa. There is no time gap after which you can apply for visa. If your visa has been denied and the reasons have been stated to you, you can immediately reapply with the necessary modification to your application and submit the additional documents in support of your information given, by you, in your application.
After this, it is entirely up to the consular official to approve or reject your visa application. These consular officials are trained to read applications and applicants really well. So even if your case is genuine, you might be rejected for the visa. Ensure that you appear well groomed, speak well, to the point and have complete information on what you want to do with your education from an American university or college and how you will finance the same. It is equally important that you have ample knowledge about your college or university. You have to give the consular officer concrete evidence that you are what you have stated in your application.
Be prepared for any sort of documentary proof that the official will ask for. Carry extra documents along with you. Provide substantial evidence that you have strong and compelling ties in your home country that will not make it possible for you to settle in the United States.
Is Rejection or Denial of Student Visa Permanent?
Short answer to the above question is No.
If you are being denied your visa under section 221g, then you can return with additional documents that would satisfy the consular officer about your personal and financial background. When you do reapply, your documents should portray significant change such that the consular officer is comfortable that you are indeed going for an education to the United states and that you have enough financial band width to support yourself while you are in the United States.
Further, if your visa has been rejected because of section 214b, then you can reapply for your student visa and show significant evidence that would help determine and thereby convince the consular officer that you indeed have strong and affirmed ties with your home country and that you have no intention of settling or becoming an immigrant in the United States.
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